THIRTY-FIRST CONGRESS. Sess. L Ca. 51. 1850.

CHAP. LI—An Act to establish a Territorial Government for Utah.

Sept. 9, 1850

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That all that part of the  territory of the United States included within the following limits, to wit: bounded on the west by the State of California, on the north by the Territory of Oregon, and on the east by the summit of the Rocky Mountains, and on the south by the thirty-seventh parallel of north latitude, be, and the same is hereby, created into a temporary government, by the name of the Territory of Utah; and, when admitted as a State, the said Territory, or any portion of the same, shall be received into the Union, with or without slavery, [emphasis added] as their constitution may prescribe at the time of their admission : Provided, That nothing in this act contained shall be construed to inhibit the government the United States from dividing said Territory into two or more Territories, in such manner and at such -times as Congress shall deem convenient and proper, or from attaching' any portion of said Territory to any other State or Territory of the United States. Note: One of several acts as part of the Compromise of 1850.

Utah historians, David L. Bigler and Will Bagley, tell the story of Johnston's Army, sent by President James Buchanan in 1857 to the Utah territory and the Mormon Nauvoo Legion that was prepared for their arrival. See the link to the Oklahoma Univeristy Press website for a full synopsis.

Check out the story on the Civil War ball held at Fort Douglas on the 17th of June:
Wanted—Correspondence: Women’s Letters to a Union Soldier  by Nancy L. Rhoades and Lucy E. Bailey

If boys don’t come back  soon the girls will be obliged to take widowers, lame men, or any kind they can get, fir [sic] you know it won’t pay to be an old maid, you know how cross they are.” -Sophronia Warren Rogers 5 November 1862 letter to Edwin Lewis Lybarger

Wanted highlights the letters between Edwin Lewis Lybarger and the women who answered his advertisement requesting correspondence during his Civil War service. Lybarger kept many of the letters he received and they were later discovered by his granddaughter, Lucy E. Bailey. Nancy L. Rhoades uses the letters as a glimpse of the homefront as women supported war efforts but mostly lived normal lives. One interesting social aspect discussed is the practice of sharing photographs. Photographs were a new phenomenon. It was thought a photograph captured a bit of someone’s soul. Therefore some considered the giving of one’s photograph a very intimate gesture. Lybarger shared his photograph with some of his correspondents and requested a return photograph as well. Some women complied, some considered that too personal.  

Wanted is a very interesting look into the social aspects of the Civil War, particularly how it affected women.

The book contains analysis, 168 letters, and a biographical sketch of Edwin Lewis Lybarger.

Utah and the Civil War—Articles found in the Utah Historical Quarterly

Includes other pertinent articles prior to, during, and after the Civil War in Utah including Indian relations, Compromise of 1850, military activities, slavery, and states rights.


Arrington, Leonard J. “Taxable Income in Utah, 1862-72,” UHQ Vol. 24 (1956)

Arrington, Leonard J. “The Transcontinental Railroad and the Development of the West,” UHQ Vol. 37 No. 1 (Winter 1969)

Athern, Robert G. “Opening the Gates of Zion: Utah and the Coming of the Union Pacific Railroad,” UHQ Vol. 36 No. 4 (Fall 1968)

Bigler, David L. “A Lion in the Path: Genesis of the Utah War,” UHQ Vol. 76 No. 1 (Winter 2008)

Bullough, Vern L. “Polygamy: An Issue in the Election of 1860?” UHQ Vol. 29 No. 2 (April 1961)

Cooley, Everett L. “Carpetbag Rule Territorial Government in Utah,” UHQ Vol. 26 No. 2 (April 1958)

Ellis, Catherine H. “A Common Soldier at Camp Douglas, 1866-68,” UHQ Vol. 65 No. 1 (Winter 1997)

Etulain, Richard W. “A Virginian in Utah Chooses the Union: Col. Philip St. George Cooke in 1861,” UHQ Vol. 42 No. 4 (Fall 1974)

Gibson, Harry W. “Frontier Arms of the Mormons,” UHQ Vol. 42 No. 1 (Winter 1974)

Grandstaff, Mark R. “General Regis de Triobriand, the Mormons and the U S. Army at Camp Douglas, 1870-71” UHQ Vol 64 No. 3 (Summer 1996)

Hinton, Wayne K. “Millard Fillmore, Utah’s Friend in the White House,” UHQ Vol. 48 No. 2 (Spring 1980)

Howard, G. M. “Man, Motives, and Misunderstandings: A New Look at the Morrisite War of 1862,” UHQ Vol. 44 No. 2 (Spring 1976)

Hubbard, George U. “Abraham Lincoln as Seen by the Mormons,” UHQ Vol. 31 No. 2 (Spring 1963)

Jones, Sandra. “Saints or Sinners? The Evolving Perceptions of Mormon-Indian Relations in Utah Historiography,” UHQ Vol. 72 No. 1 (Winter 2004)

King, Jeffery S. “`Do Not Execute Chief Pocatello’: President Lincoln Acts to Save the Shoshoni Chief,” UHQ Vol. 53 No. 3 (Summer 1985)

Lamar, Howard R. “Political Patterns in New Mexico and Utah Territories, 1850-1900,” UHQ Vol. 28 No. 4 (Oct 1960)

Larson, Gustive O. “Utah and the Civil War,” UHQ Vol. 33 No. 1 (Winter 1965)

Layton, Stanford J. “Fort Rawlins, Utah: A Question of Mission and Means,” UHQ Vol. 42 No. 1 (Winter 1974)

Lythgoe, Dennis L. “Negro Slavery in Utah,” UHQ Vol. 39 No. 1 (Winter 1971)

Mabey, Charles R. “The Pony Express,” UHQ Vol. 22 No. 1 (January 1954)

MacKinnon, William P. “And the War Came: James Buchanan, the Utah Expedition & the Decision to Intervene,” UHQ 76 No. 1 (Winter 2008)

MacKinnon, William P. “`Like Splitting a Man up His Backbone’: The Territorial Dismemberment of Utah, 1850-1896” UHQ Vol. 71 No. 2 (Spring 2003)

MacKinnon, William P. “125 Years of Conspiracy Theories: Origin of the Utah Expedition of 1857-58,” UHQ 52 No. 3 (Summer 1984)

MacKinnon, William P. “The Buchanan Spoils System and the Utah Expedition: Careers of W. M. F. Magraw and John M. Hockaday,” UHQ Vol. 31 No 2 (Spring 1963)

MacKinnon, William P. “The Gap in the Buchanan Revival: The Utah Expedition of 1857-58,” UHQ Vol. 45 No. 1 (Winter 1977)

Madsen, Brigham D. “Shoshone-Bannock Marauders on the Oregon Trail, 1959-63,” UHQ Vol. 35 No. 1 (Winter 1967)

Pedersen, Lyman C. Jr. “The Daily Union Vedette: A Military Voice on the Mormon Frontier,” UHQ Vol. 42 No. 1 (Winter 1974)

Poll, Richard “The Mormon Question Enters National Politics, 1850-56,” UHQ Vol. XXV (1957)

Schindler, Harold “The Bear River Massacre: New Historical Evidence,” UHQ Vol. 67 No. 4 (Fall 1999)

Settle, Raymond W. “The Pony Express Heroic Effort-Tragic End,” UHQ Vol. 27 No. 2 (April 1955)

Snow, William J. “Utah Indians and Spanish Slave Trade,” UHQ Vol. 2 No. 3 (July 1929)

Stowers, Robert E. and John M. Ellis, eds. “Charles A. Scott’s Diary of the Utah Expedition, 1857-61,” UHQ Vol. 28 No. 2 (April 1960)

Tyler, S. Lyman “Ute Indians Along Civil War Communications Lines,” UHQ Vol. 46 No. 3 (Summer 1978)

Van Wagenen, Michael Scott “Sam Houston and the Utah War,” UHQ Vol. 76 No. 1 (Winter 2008)

Walker, Ronald W. “Thomas L. Kane and Utah’s Quest for Self-Government,” UHQ 69 No. 2 (Spring 2001)


Colton, Ray Charles, The Civil War in the Western Territories: Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico and Utah (1959)

Lamar, Howard R.,   The Far Southwest, 1846-1912: A Territorial History (New Haven, Conn. & London: Yale University Press, 1966), esp. chapters 5, 9, 14 (Utah), 17.

Long, E. B. (Everett Beach), The Saints and the Union: Utah Territory during the Civil War (1981)

In commemoration of the 150th anniversary of the beginning of the Civil War today April 12, 2011, below is a list of some of the prominent Civil War Generals who served in Utah, specifically at Camp Floyd.
Graphic Designer Luke Eastman created the Utah Civil War 150 logo using various Utah Territorial flags and seals, giving the logo character befitting Utah in the 1860s.

Utah Territorial Seal with the state symbol, the Beehive, representing Industry.

Seal of the State of Utah

Unofficial flags of the State of Deseret

Camp Floyd's latest exhibit "Money of the U.S. Civil War" opening yesterday. This exhibit from the Money Museum in Denver, Colorado features war bonds, gold and silver money, tokens, stamps, and paper money from both the Union and the Confederacy during the Civil War years. The exhibit is open Monday through Friday, 9 am to 5 pm from February 14th until the 28th. Admission to the exhibit is free with museum admission.
A new book entitled "Lincoln Looks West" discusses Lincoln's dealings with people west of the Mississippi during his presidency. There is a chapter on Lincoln and the Mormons which reveals connections to larger National issues as well as local issues. This website and the events throughout the next 4 years aim to reveal similar themes. If you are interested in this topic, this book is recommended reading.